Global shares and oil slid on Monday while safe-haven gold surged as the spread of the coronavirus outside China darkened the outlook for world growth with infections and deaths rising in South Korea, Italy and the Middle East.
The large spike in Italian cases has especially rattled investors on concerns about the potential for the virus to spread deeper into Europe and cause economic disruption there.
The selloff in Asian markets and U.S. and European stock futures on Monday was financial markets’ first reaction to the weekend news, which analysts described as game-changing developments in the outbreak.
South Korea put the country on high alert while the number of infections jumped to 763 and deaths rose to seven. In Italy, officials said a third person infected with the flu-like virus had died, while the number of cases jumped to above 150 from just three before Friday.
Iran, which announced its first infections last week, said it had confirmed 43 cases and eight deaths, with most of the infections in the Shi’ite Muslim holy city of Qom. Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iraq, Turkey and Afghanistan imposed travel and immigration restrictions on the Islamic Republic.
“There is lots of bad news on the coronavirus front with the total number of new cases still rising,” AMP chief economist Shane Oliver wrote in a note.
“Of course, there is much uncertainty about the case data, new cases outside China still looks to be trending up and the economic flow on has further to go with the Chinese economy likely to have contracted in the March quarter.”
U.S. stock futures were dumped with E-minis for the S&P500 falling 1.4% while Nikkei futures stumbled 2.7%. EuroStoxx 50 futures declined about 2% while futures for London’s FTSE skidded 1.3%.
Australia’s benchmark index slid 2.3% while New Zealand was about 1.8% lower.
South Korea’s KOSPI index fell about 3.4%. Chinese shares opened down with the blue-chip CSI300 index easing 0.5%.
That left MSCI’s broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan off 1.9% at its lowest since early February. Japanese markets were closed for a public holiday.
The virus has killed 2,592 people in China, which has reported 77,150 cases, and slammed the brakes on the world’s second largest economy.
It has spread to some 28 other countries and territories, with a death toll of around two dozen, according to a Reuters tally.
Economists have roundly downgraded growth forecasts for China as well as the world as travel restrictions and lockdowns have already hit tourism, supply chain and factory output in a number of countries.
Oxford Economics estimated world economic output growth would fall to nearly zero in the first half of 2020 if the coronavirus outbreak became a global pandemic.
As investors wagered central banks would step in with policy stimulus to support economic growth U.S. Fed fund futures <0#FF:> surged signalling more rate cuts later this year.
The dollar paused at 111.58 against the Japanese yen JPY+ after falling steeply on Friday.
The losses came as data showed American business activity stalled in February, signalling a contraction for the first time since 2016. The manufacturing sector also clocked its lowest reading since August.
“The data was a wake-up call for the U.S. equity market, hitherto complacent about the impact of the virus,” NAB currency strategist Rodrigo Catril said, adding it “was probably too early to throw the towel” on the greenback.
Despite losses since Friday, the greenback rose 1.7% last week and is still up more than 2.7% so far this year.
“We are likely entering a period of messy and potentially misleading data releases,” Catril said.
“The U.S. had a bad data day, but we think that is just a taste of what is yet to come with other major economies likely to show bad economic numbers too.”
The Australian dollar, considered a liquid proxy for China plays, was down 0.4% at $0.6601 as it languished near an 11-year low.
The euro fell 0.2% to $1.0817.
That left the dollar index slightly higher at 99.581.
Analysts expect the Korean won to stay on its downward spiral against the dollar as one of the favourite risk proxies for investors.
The won has fallen more than 4.5% on the dollar so far this year. It was last down 1% at 1,219.06 after hitting its weakest since August 2019.
In commodities, oil prices slid as investors fretted about crude demand being pinched by the impact of the coronavirus outbreak, while leading producers appeared to be in no rush to curb output.
Brent crude slumped 2.4%, or $1.4, to $57.09 a barrel while U.S. crude dropped 2.3%, or $1.25, to $52.13 a barrel.
U.S. gold futures climbed 1% to $1,665.1 an ounce. Spot gold jumped to a seven-year high of 1,678.58 after marking its biggest weekly gain last week since early August.