The World Bank was a co-chair — along with the International Monetary Fund and Group of 20 host India — of the Global Sovereign Debt Roundtable at the Spring Meetings of the IMF and World Bank last month. That forum brought sovereign and private lenders together with borrowing countries to try to work out some of the biggest challenges in the current debt restructuring process.
Malpass said that the roundtable participants are planning to hold a seminar to resolve persistent problems. China, the biggest sovereign lender to poor countries, still hasn’t indicated that it’s willing to take losses on loans, and technical aspects of net present value need to be discussed with the nation, such as long-term rescheduling of debt payments, Malpass said.
“There has to be that on the table from China in order to get to restructuring agreements,” Malpass said.
More than 70 low-income nations face a collective $326 billion debt burden, with more than half of them already in or near debt distress, including Zambia, Ethiopia and Ghana. In many cases, China is the largest creditor. For instance, 75% of Zambia’s debt that has to be restructured is owed to China, according to the IMF.
“We’re looking and hoping for progress on Zambia and Ethiopia, on Ghana and on others around the world — on Sri Lanka — as those countries try to move into a restructuring phase and into positive growth,” Malpass said. He added that the World Bank has been “rapidly increasing” so-called concessional financing in Zambia and Chad “in order to try to make those restructurings work.”
He warned that governments around the world face a “dangerous point” of slow growth that if China continues could pressure their political systems, adding that the institution expects global growth of less than 2% this year.